Synthesis is the production of more complex substances from relatively simple substances plays an important role in chemistry. By tradition, chemical products obtained by combining or transforming molecules of the initial components are called synthetic, contrasting them with natural substances.
We say: synthetic rubber, synthetic fiber, synthetic detergentsand synthetic fuels. However, the methods of custom synthesis obtained not only naturally occurring substances, but also those that nature did not create. Synthesis is the basis of industrial chemistry is chemical technology. The tasks in this area are so diverse that chemists and technologists have long specialized in the synthesis of certain types of chemical products.
- The main organic synthesis as a sub-branch of the chemical industry covers the production of such large-tonnage organic products as alcohols, acids, esters, aldehydes, etc.
- In developing industrial methods for the synthesis of these compounds, chemists and technologists strive to improve the economic performance of technological